A kingdom united: popular responses to the outbreak of the by Catriona Pennell

By Catriona Pennell

During this, the 1st absolutely documented research of British and Irish renowned reactions to the outbreak of the 1st international battle, Catriona Pennell explores united kingdom public opinion of the time and effectively demanding situations the parable of British 'war enthusiasm'.

A nation United explores what humans felt, and the way they acted, in line with an unanticipated and exceptional obstacle. it's a background of either traditional humans and elite figures in impressive occasions. Dr Pennell demonstrates that describing the reactions of over forty million British and Irish humans to the outbreak of struggle as both enthusiastic within the British case, or disengaged within the Irish, is over-simplified and insufficient. Emotional reactions to the battle have been ambiguous and complicated, and adjusted over the years.

By the tip of 1914 the populations of britain, Scotland, Wales, and eire had mostly embraced the conflict, however the struggle had additionally embraced them and confirmed no symptoms of relinquishing its grip. The 5 months from August to December 1914 set the form of a lot that was once to stick to. A nation United describes and explains that twenty-week formative process.

Pennell attracts from an unlimited array of diaries, letters, journals, and newspaper debts via the very those who skilled the struggle in its first dramatic 5 months. She outlines the diversity of responses felt among either the normal humans and elite figures from around the country.

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IWM, Docs: Mackay, Reverend James: Box 74/135/1, 3 August 1914. Hallie Eustace Miles, Untold Tales of War-Time London: A Personal Diary (London, 1930), 13. Salford Diocesan Archives, Burnley: 1914 Diary of Bishop L. C. Casartelli, 1 August 1914. K. W. , The Rasp of War: The Letters of H. A. Gwynne to The Countess Bathurst, 1914–1918 (London, 1988), 19. Outbreak of War, July to August 31 editor of The Times reported that the population of London had grasped the gravity of the situation: Nobody wanted war; nobody would shrink from war if the Continental position demanded it .

School cadet corps and youth organizations, which incorporated the motifs ‘honour, duty, sacrifice, honesty’, were established in this period. Chief among them was the Boy Scouts, an attempt by General Sir Robert Baden-Powell, a hero of the South African War, to turn ‘boys from the slum . . 41 Outside of formal education, certain currents of Edwardian thought depicted war as beneficial and desirable, linking it to popular ideas about Social 39 Hugh Cunningham, The Volunteer Force: A Social and Political History, 1859–1908 (London, 1975), 33, 46, 49–50, 68.

40 On Tuesday, 28 July Winston Churchill ordered the Royal Navy to Scapa Flow and its other war stations. The following day, Austria-Hungary’s declaration of war against Serbia was published in The Times. All British naval, military, and colonial stations were warned that war was possible. Simultaneously, the London market 28 The Times, 1 August 1914, 6. Gregory, ‘British “War Enthusiasm” in 1914: A Reassessment’, in Evidence, History and the Great War: Historians and the Impact of 1914–18, ed.

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