By Y. Alex-Assensoh
This booklet indicates how Africa's former colonial powers--including nice Britain, France, Portugal, and Spain--trained contributors and leaders of colonial defense force to be politically nonpartisan. but, the modern day military became so politicized that many nations are at the present time governed or have already been governed via army dictators via coups d'etat, sometimes for reliable purposes because the booklet issues out. This publication strains the old and political evolution of those occasions and what bodes for Africa, the place the never-ending army incursions into partisan politics are involved.
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Extra info for African Military History and Politics: Ideological Coups and Incursions, 1900-Present
The actual basis of the new French colonial empire was given by Jules Ferry. . Ferry’s theory rested on four elements which, according to him, were closely linked, namely, to industrialization, protection, markets, and colonies. 21 The French applied the principles of Roman law, which included the contention that a vacant land belonged to the State, and hence such “vacant” parcels of land were declared French-owned in West Africa. The ownership was effected through an October 23, 1904 decree.
It is a policy that has been marked by concentration on economic development rather than on training colonial subjects for political responsibility. The Policy of Portugal has been to regard its African colonies as extensions of the Portuguese, a policy emphasized by designing the colonies as “provinces” of Portugal. 42 In contrast to the foregoing assertion by Busia, other African political leaders, including Nkrumah, saw nothing good in colonialism, neocolonialism, or imperialism. It was, therefore, not surprising that Nkrumah called on his fellow Ghanaians to seek the political—instead of economic—kingdom ﬁrst, and to move from there.
That led to the arrest, prosecution, and conviction of several prominent persons and even leading governmental ofﬁcers, including the eventual hanging of a county superintendent (whose title was similar to a state governor in America). President Tolbert was so serious about upholding Liberian laws dealing with ritual murder that he signed many death warrants, sanctioning the hanging of several convicted murderers; in 1971, he approved the public hanging of Dr. 108 Unfortunately, observers and critics of the ruling True Whig Party regime felt that President Tolbert, the son of Americo-Liberians, sanctioned the public hangings of convicted murderers to put fear in his political opponents and would-be coup plotters.