African Mythology A to Z,Second Edition

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Others were amadlozi Zulu (South Africa) The spirits of the ancestors of the Zulu people. Humans could invoke the help of the spirit world by calling on the amadlozi. Amma Dogon (Burkina Faso, Mali) The Creator, a deity who in some versions of the Dogon creation account was male and in others was female. Amma created the universe and everything in it. He created the Earth by throwing a lump of clay into the heavens. He created the Sun and Moon by shaping two earthenware bowls, one wrapped in red copper (the Sun) and the other wrapped in white copper, or brass (the Moon).

A major component of Bambara religion involves ritual communication with the ancestors. Ancestral spirits were usually seen as spiritual guardians who protected the community against enemies. People expected ancestral spirits to continually guard the living. The Zulu of South Africa invoked the help of the spirit world by calling on the amadlozi, the ancestors of the Zulu people. Ancestral spirits known as ombwiri (or ombuiri) functioned as guardians for a number of ethnic groups in Central Africa, particularly in Gabon.

He warned the toad that if they fell into the pit, great misfortune would come. The clumsy toad knocked the woman’s body into the pit and fell in after her. As Arebati had warned, misfortune came. The woman did not come back to life, and from then on all people were fated to die. ) In a different myth about the origin of death, the Supreme God (called Baatsi in the Efe story and Tore in the Mbuti myth) had told humans that they could eat the fruit of any tree but the tahu. As long as humans obeyed this rule, Baatsi took them to live in the sky with him when they grew old.

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