After Hardship Cometh Ease: The Jews as Backdrop for Muslim by Ze'ev Maghen

By Ze'ev Maghen

Islam prides itself on being “the faith of facility”. Muslim resources are unanimous in assigning to Judaism the position of counterweight during this regard, announcing it a approach of “burdens and shackles” through which the Jews “oppressed their souls”. This neat polarity either fueled, and used to be the made from, a desirable reciprocal procedure: whilst that sharî'a was once being created within the destructive photo of halakha, halakha was once being retroactively re-imagined by means of Muslim jurists and exegetes because the antipode of sharî'a . even though scholarly reviews of the intertexture of Islam and Judaism abound, few have touched upon the Muslim tradition’s belief and usage of Jewish legislation, and none has performed so intensive. This booklet goals to fill that lacuna and extra our realizing of the age-old include and grapple among the 2 faiths.

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A-'alaynä min harajin ftkadhäf). A n d he - may God's peace and blessings be upon him - responded: " N o , Ο people! " (inna din Allähi fl'l-yusr - Ibn Hanbal, 5:68). " G o d the Exalted desires ease for this community," echoed the Prophet on another occasion, "and H e dislikes hardship for i t " (inna Allähu ta'äla radiya li-hädhihi'l-umma al-yusr wa-kariha lahä al-'usr - Ahmad b. 'All b. Hajar al-'Asqalänl, Al-Isäba fi Tamyiz al-Sahäba [Cairo: Matba'a al-Sa'äda, 1328], 3:366). " The need to instruct and facilitate underlay, among other concessions, the right to maintain multiple Q u r ' ä n readings, granted by G o d in response to Muhammad's plea that he had been sent to a nation of illiterates (Burton, Collection, 152).

They thrust them into their mouths and they come out their posteriors. Gabriel said: these are those who devoured the property of orphans" (Ibn Ishäq—Guillaume, 185). 19 BaghawT, 3:4. 15 19:12 Naskh, Rukhsa and the Incubation of Islamic Law 35 The "incident of the necklace" in about 5 A H was the occasion for yet another divine modification. " (Q. 5: 6). But these parameters were destined to be widened, as 'Ä'isha recounts: I accompanied the Messenger of God on a military excursion. [On our way back to Madlna] my necklace (which Muhammad had given her from the booty, or, according to other versions, which she had borrowed from her elder sister Asmä') went missing.

Those - like 'Abd b. 15 19:12 Naskh, Rukhsa and the Incubation of Islamic Law 29 such time as "God had mercy upon the believers" and "lightened their burden" and "revealed the amelioration at the end of the chapter" which "abrogated [the ordinance at] the beginning [of the chapter]" and "restored the prescribed prayer and abandoned the supererogatory supplication" ... "10 Ibn Abi Hätim - who proposed the ten year option must have envisioned the original imposition of qiyäm al-layl as occurring earlier than indicated in the aforementioned hadlth of 'A'isha, who was married to the Prophet in 623 CE, and the remaining ahädith supplied by al-Tabari to explain the onset of the night-prayer obligation indeed do not involve the Prophet's favorite wife.

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