Amiens 1918 - The Black Day of the German Army by Alistair McCluskey

By Alistair McCluskey

In the course of the spring of 1918 Germany have been at the offensive at the Western entrance yet had didn't holiday the Allies at any element. In July that they had been compelled again from the river Marne and have been once more at the shielding. The Allies have been now able to raise the strain. The Amiens sector used to be chosen and arrangements have been made in nice secrecy with diversionary task at different issues at the line. 32 divisions have been concerned (twelve French, 8 British, 5 Australian, 4 Canadian and one American) supported through over 500 tanks and overwhelming airpower. the 1st day observed an Allied enhance of five miles throughout a 12-mile entrance, with over 27,000 German casualties. development used to be then much less extraordinary yet by the point the conflict ended on August eleven Germany had misplaced 75,000 males, and suffered a critical blow to morale. Amiens was once extraordinary for its profitable program of the hot combined-arms strategies, totally integrating infantry, artillery, armor and airpower on the graduation of the Allies' ultimate, war-winning offensive. released at the ninetieth anniversary of the conflict, this publication units the strategic scene and obviously describes the battling, highlighting the importance of the newly built tools of warfare and detailing the troop pursuits that caused the leap forward and speedy develop that was once completed.

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Extra resources for Amiens 1918 - The Black Day of the German Army

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XXXI Corps introduced 153rd Division in between the 42nd and 37th divisions whilst the right of 66th Division commenced the envelopment of Moreuil from the south. To the right of XXXI Corps, IX Corps began their assault over the Avre to cover the advance of their northern neighbour. Although 42nd Division completed the capture of Villers-aux-Erables by 0945hrs, resistance continued in the Bois du De to the south and Mezieres to the east. As a consequence the 42nd Division was faced with the difficult prospect of conducting a forward passage of lines with 153rd Division at the same time as they maintained their own advance in contact with the 14th Bavarian Division.

On the infantry's arrival at the third objective the troops of the 2nd and 9th cavalry brigades were relieved and withdrawn. The 119th Division began their move to the battle area by lorry at 1030hrs. They came under repeated attacks from RAF that greatly hindered their progress. The leading regiment arrived in Vrely at 1300hrs with the last pulling in at 1930hrs. Placed under the command of LI Corps, they were ordered to mount a counterattack with 192nd Division to re-establish a line between Harbonnieres and Le Quesnel.

They were of limited success in this role; however, they did create confusion and alarm by operating to the rear of German forces opposing the advance to the final objective. (IWM E(Aus) 2917) followed up the tank attack and were quickly embroiled with 'Bellmann's Regiment' in Beaucourt Wood. North of the wood, 12th Canadian Brigade swept away III/183rd Infantry Regiment on Bellmann's right flank and threatened to envelop his whole force. Weakened after hard fighting, Bellmann ordered his troops to withdraw to the Caix-Le Quesnel road.

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