By Marvin A. Lewis
Spain’s basically former colony in sub-Saharan Africa, Equatorial Guinea is domestic to a literature of transition—songs of freedom within which authors ponder their identification in the context of modern colonialism and dictatorship.
An advent to the Literature of Equatorial Guinea is the 1st book-length severe examine of this literature, a multigenre research encompassing fifty years of poetry, drama, essays, and prose fiction. either resident and exiled authors provide insights into the influence of colonialism and dictatorship below Spanish rule and look at the culmination of “independence” lower than the regimes of Francisco Macías Nguema and Teodoro Obiang Nguema. interpreting those works from the viewpoint of postcolonial concept, Marvin A. Lewis indicates how writings from Equatorial Guinea depict the conflict of conventional and ecu cultures and replicate a dictatorship that produced poverty, distress, and oppression. He assesses with specific care the effect of the Macías reafricanization method and its manifestations in literature.
In exhibiting how the perspectives of the kingdom correspond and diverge in works of writers resembling Maria Nsue Angue, Donato Ndongo-Bidyogo, and Juan Tomás Ávila Laurel, Lewis brings to gentle artists who articulate their matters in Spanish yet are African of their souls. In examining the works of either well known and rising writers, he marks the subjects that give a contribution to the formation of nationwide identification: Hispanic history, the parable of Bantu solidarity, “bonding in adversity” throughout the Nguema regime, and the Equatoguinean diaspora.
Lewis offers an available creation to the paintings of vital writers in a brand new region of literary research and comprises the main exhaustive and updated bibliography on hand at the topic. His is a groundbreaking paintings that broadens our knowing of African literature and should be the bedrock for destiny experiences of this Hispanic nook of Africa.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to the Literature of Equatorial Guinea: Between Colonialism and Dictatorship
14 010 c1 (14-64) 5/10/07 11:11 AM Page 15 Poetry: In Search of an Authentic Voice / 15 In this essay, Esono characterizes each historical period and uses examples to illustrate his conclusions. , 21); “Poesía colonial” is characterized by “the introduction, by the Europeans, of a poetry of written obsession and transmission; at the same time they are also its creators” (la introducción, por los europeos, de una poesía de fijación y transmisión escritas; al mismo tiempo que son ellos también sus creadores, 22); “La poesía de la independencia” follows two trends: “poetry produced in exile and the other, that produced after exile, and more precisely, poetry gestated internally” (la poesía producida en el exilio y otra, la producida después del exilio y, con más exactitud, la poesía gestada en el interior, 24).
6 His ideas regarding poetry and the creative process are put into practice in “Poética” (Poetics), the first section of Voices of Foam, which contains three selections: “El Poema” (The Poem), “Mi Verso” (My Verse), and “Inspiración” (Inspiration). True to his word, Bokesa does not write to be understood. These three poems are quite abstract, to the point of 6. Ciriaco Bokesa, Voces de espuma, 10. 010 c1 (14-64) 5/10/07 11:11 AM Page 28 28 / An Introduction to the Literature of Equatorial Guinea being virtually incomprehensibile.
The loss is both physical and spiritual, as the parallel between humans and nature patently reveals: The smile and the happiness remained destroyed, healthiness remained buried in the crust of mud today hardened, it struck down the cry and the pain, and the polychrome coloring of this equatorial truth remained lifeless at our feet, victim of absurdity and blindness. ) (50–51) 010 c1 (14-64) 5/10/07 11:11 AM Page 40 40 / An Introduction to the Literature of Equatorial Guinea This depressing situation is a result not only of dictatorship, but also of the desire by some to distance the country from the “civilizing” influence of Spain.