Anglo-Native Virginia: Trade, Conversion, and Indian Slavery by Kristalyn Shefveland

By Kristalyn Shefveland

Shefveland examines Anglo-Indian interactions throughout the notion of local tributaries to the Virginia colony, with particularemphasis at the colonial and tributary and international local settlements of the Piedmont and southwestern Coastal undeniable among 1646 and 1722.

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Anglo-Native Virginia: Trade, Conversion, and Indian Slavery in the Old Dominion, 1646-1722

Shefveland examines Anglo-Indian interactions in the course of the perception of local tributaries to the Virginia colony, with particularemphasis at the colonial and tributary and international local settlements of the Piedmont and southwestern Coastal simple among 1646 and 1722.

Additional resources for Anglo-Native Virginia: Trade, Conversion, and Indian Slavery in the Old Dominion, 1646-1722

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Drewe and Mr. Wyatt. 71 At the same time, other counties began issuing more licenses as the demand for Indian servants rose. While the record indicates a growing number of licenses received, it also highlights concerns over English settlers using Indian labor without a license. Overall, indentured children had contracts that lasted until they were anywhere from twenty-four to thirty years of age, despite rules stating that the age limit was twenty-five. The length of indenture typically obligated the adult Native for five or six years, but the Anglo master could legally lengthen the indenture to anywhere from twelve years to life.

These settlers determined boundaries of property and settlement and thus frequently made allegations that tributary Natives trespassed by hunting, trading, or simply traveling through the area. Frequently these areas were supposed to be tributary lands and were lands that had been part of Native settlements for generations. The treaty stipulated that tributary Indians could not be killed by English settlers simply for trespassing, but they could be killed for acts that would be considered a felony for Englishmen.

The Virginia record shows a practice of Indian slavery hidden in plain sight, as numerous court and probate lists of the era show a robust trade in selling Indian laborers. Most historians agree that until the end of the seventeenth century, Virginia was not a slave society, dependent upon and defined by slavery. By the mid-seventeenth century, however, the Virginia elite began to purchase African and Indian slaves for long-term labor, although they did not know quite how to regulate the lives of the men and women whose labor and bodies they purchased.

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