Arguments and Metaphors in Philosophy by Daniel Cohen

By Daniel Cohen

During this ebook, Daniel Cohen explores the connections among arguments and metaphors such a lot reported in philosophy, simply because philosophical discourse is either completely metaphorical and replete with argumentation. The metaphors we use for arguments, in addition to the methods we use metaphors as arguments and in arguments, offers the foundation for a tripartite theoretical framework for realizing and comparing arguments. There are logical, rhetorical, and dialectical dimensions to arguments, each one delivering norms for behavior, vocabulary for assessment, and standards for achievement. In flip, the pointed out roles for arguments in most cases discourse will be utilized to metaphors, supporting to give an explanation for what they suggest and the way they paintings. Cohen covers the character of arguments, their modes and constructions, and the rules in their assessment. He additionally addresses the character of metaphors, their position in language and idea, and their connections to arguments, deciding on and reconciling arguments' and metaphors' respective roles in philosophy.

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Something about their internal dynamics and the possible interactions that can arise from them. 12 In contrast to the argument-as-traffic metaphors, the argument-iswar metaphor makes a different point. entation, which is why this particular metaphor is objectionable in the classroom. But, interpretation being an art, other conclusions could also be drawn from the metaphor. There will always be an indefinitely large supply of abstractable similarities between the tenor and vehicle of a metaphor, wars and arguments in this case.

There is a normative force to this ideal that is integral to our evaluations of arguments. As it has been characterized, the argument-as-proof paradigm is not limited to propositions or indicative sentences. As in argunlents-aswar, nothing rules out arguments ending in imperatives, questions, promises, or metaphors. "g What this paradigm does suppose is an irresistible path to its conclusion. Success for arguments-as-proofs, therefore, is achieved when the path has been constructed or followed to that conclusion.

Two of these just-mentioned features common to war and argument merit particular attention. First, wars never end up where they started. The status quo ante bellum can never really be achieved. What starts out as a war of principle, especially when successful, might well end up as a war of conquest, and, conversely, the unsuccessful war for conquest is transformed into a war of principle. Successful defensive re-actions inevitably seek to pre-empt any possible future transgressions. What, for example, was the American Civil War all about?

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