Aristotle: Political Philosophy (Founders of Modern by Richard Kraut

By Richard Kraut

This e-book bargains a scientific review of Aristotle's perception of health, advantage and justice within the Nicomachean Ethics, after which explores the most important subject matters of Politics: civic-mindedness, slavery, relations, estate, the typical reliable, type clash, the restricted knowledge of the multitude, and the considerably egalitarian associations of the right society.

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Sample text

And although it is not a pretty sight, the dissolution of Cyrus' empire should neither shock nor cause dismay. The collapse of Cyrus' rule returns us to the spectacle of political instability with which the Education began, and we are compelled anew to look for help as to how best to respond to this problem. Al­ though the Education itself has much more to offer in this connection than has been touched on here, especially in the form of its quiet he­ roes, Cambyses and Tigranes, it should be noted that Xenophon's other works are also pertinent in this regard.

Mandane asked. "Because," he said, "the teacher appointed me to be judge for oth­ ers, on the ground that I was already accurately versed in justice. And then, in one case, I was beaten because I did not judge correctly. (17) The case was like this: A big boy with a little tunic took off the big tunic of a little boy, and he dressed him in his own tunic, while he himself put on that of the other. Now I, in judging it for them, recog­ nized that it was better for both that each have the fitting tunic.

53 So this is what they were doing. � CHAPTER 6 � (1) After returning home and praying to ancestral Hestia, ancestral Zeus, and the other gods, Cyrus set out on the expedition, and his fa­ ther joined him in escort. There is said to have been auspicious light­ ning and thunder for him as soon as they were outside of the house. After these appearances, they traveled on without taking any further auguries, on the grounds that none could rescind the signs of the greatest god. (2) As Cyrus went forward, his father began a discussion such as follows: "That the gods send you forth propitiously and favorably is clear, son,54 both in the sacrifices and from the heavenly signs.

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