Asia's Giants: Comparing China and India by E. Friedman, B. Gilley

By E. Friedman, B. Gilley

This edited quantity reconsiders the normal knowledge that argues that the comparative functionality of China has been enhanced to that of India, bringing jointly new paradigms for comparing nations when it comes to economics, social coverage, politics, and international relations. Essays express that if no longer outright mistaken, traditional knowledge has confirmed to be overly simplified. The publication brings out the complexity and richness of the India-China comparability.

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Extra info for Asia's Giants: Comparing China and India

Sample text

Lin 2004, 32) Irrespective of their impact on material welfare, rights and freedoms are an end unto themselves, not just for liberal political philosophers but for billions of citizens around the world. Unlike GDP, we do not have an indicator to show the gains in welfare when an Indian is able to, say, join an ayurvedic health group run by the Hare Krishnas or parent another child. Nor can we measure the loss when a Chinese practitioner of the Falun Gong meditation sect is forced to recant under threat of confinement or a farmer’s wife is forced to abort an unborn child.

Beijing’s constant jailing of dissidents, religious adherents, environmentalists, and others who threaten the ruling regime compares to India’s marvelous tolerance for diverse life goals. In 2002, the latest year for which Beijing revealed figures, 3,402 people were arrested and 3,550 charged under the crime of “endangering state security” (previously called counterrevolutionary activities), a crime that is grossly inconsistent with UN human rights standards (Human Rights Watch/Asia and Human Rights in China 1997).

10 The advocacy group Human Rights Watch has argued that the treatment of rural dwellers in China amounts to a form of institutionalized racism, or apartheid (Human Rights in China 2002). Beijing has long prohibited the formation of any national or regional peasants association (nonghui) on the grounds that it would jeopardize the country’s industrial development strategy. Both countries have failed in minority regions to uphold rights and freedoms. India’s poor record in Punjab and Kashmir and China’s poor record in Tibet and Xinjiang is pretty much a toss-up—in both places officials and police act with impunity and people are killed and tortured regularly.

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