By Laurent Dubois
The 1st and in basic terms profitable slave revolution within the Americas started in 1791 whilst hundreds of thousands of brutally exploited slaves rose up opposed to their masters on Saint-Domingue, the main ecocnomic colony within the eighteenth-century Atlantic international. inside many years, the slave insurgents pressured the French directors of the colony to emancipate them, a choice ratified via innovative Paris in 1794. This victory was once a gorgeous problem to the order of master/slave family in the course of the Americas, together with the southern usa, reinforcing the main fervent hopes of slaves and the worst fears of masters. yet, peace eluded Saint-Domingue as British and Spanish forces attacked the colony. A charismatic ex-slave named Toussaint Louverture got here to France's relief, elevating armies of others like himself and defeating the invaders. finally Napoleon, fearing the large political strength of Toussaint, despatched a huge challenge to weigh down him and subjugate the ex-slaves. After many battles, a decisive victory over the French secured the delivery of Haiti and the everlasting abolition of slavery from the land. The independence of Haiti reshaped the Atlantic international via resulting in the French sale of Louisiana to the USA and the growth of the Cuban sugar economic system. Laurent Dubois weaves the tales of slaves, unfastened humans of African descent, filthy rich whites, and French directors into an unforgettable story of revolt, struggle, heroism, and victory. He establishes the Haitian Revolution as a foundational second within the background of democracy and human rights. (20040323)
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Additional info for Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution
6 This time Mauger wrote back, but her response disappointed Philipeau. We cannot know exactly what she wrote; after reading her letter, the woman who had helped Philipeau write to Mauger burned them, as he had asked Madame de Mauger to do with his. But his response suggests the content: “There is no need to advise me, dear mistress, to make sure the plantation is productive,” he wrote. Mauger apparently encouraged him to work harder but ignored his urgent pleas; the plantation manager would not be removed.
39 The Western Province was the second in the colony in population and wealth. Its capital, Port-au-Prince, was the second-largest town in SaintDomingue. 40 There are two plains in the Western Province: the Cul-de-Sac surrounding Port-au-Prince and, to the north, a plain traversed by the snaking Artibonite River bordered by the port towns of Gonaïves and Saint-Marc. ” During the second half of the eighteenth century, government-sponsored irrigation projects put slaves to work building canals that ultimately irrigated nearly half of the land on the Cul-de-Sac.
All of these produced raw sugar, which contained many impurities. Bigger proﬁts were available to those who could afford technology to purify sugar on-site, removing the molasses and turning it into an edible (though still brown) sugar, which could be sold at a higher price. The number of plantations removing molasses grew; in 1730 there were 5 in the north, but by 1751 there were 182, compared with 124 that did not reﬁne sugar. 27 Sugarcane production required good land, irrigation, a large labor force, and expensive equipment.