By Russell Gmirkin
Berossus and Genesis, Manetho and Exodus proposes a provocative new conception concerning the date and situations of the composition of the Pentateuch. Gmirkin argues that the Hebrew Pentateuch was once composed in its entirety approximately 273-272 BCE through Jewish students at Alexandria that later traditions credited with the Septuagint translation of the Pentateuch into Greek. the first proof is literary dependence of Gen. 1-11 on Berossus' Babyloniaca (278 BCE) and of the Exodus tale on Manetho's Aegyptiaca (c. 285-280 BCE), and the geo-political info inside the desk of countries. a few symptoms aspect to a provenance of Alexandria, Egypt for no less than a few parts of the Pentateuch. That the Pentateuch, drawing on literary resources chanced on on the nice Library of Alexandria, was once composed at nearly an identical date because the Septuagint translation, offers compelling facts for a few point of communique and collaboration among the authors of the Pentateuch and the Septuagint students at Alexandria's Museum. The overdue date of the Pentateuch, as established by way of literary dependence on Berossus and Manetho, has very important effects: the definitive overthrow of the chronological framework of the Documentary speculation, and a past due, third century BCE date for significant parts of the Hebrew Bible which exhibit literary dependence at the Pentateuch.
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Additional resources for Berossus and Genesis, Manetho and Exodus. Hellenistic Histories and the Date of the Pentateuch
2. The Documentary Hypothesis+ 33 Pentateuch of the third century BCE and thereafter. 45 One is not yet even justified in referring to a "Law of Moses," for there is not yet evidence that Jewish priestly regulations had been attached to the figure of Moses at this early date. Given the negative evidence of the Elephantine Papyri, the historical construct proposed under the Documentary Hypothesis cannot be accepted. It is not merely that the Documentary Hypothesis is argued in absence of relevant archaeological evidence, but actually in opposition to relevant archaeological evidence.
Hurvitz, A Linguistic Study of the Relationship between the Priestly Source and the Book ofEzekiel: A New Approach to an Old Problem (Cahiers de la Revue Biblique 20; Paris: Gabalda, 1982); idem, "Dating the Priestly Source in Light of the Historical Study of Biblical Hebrew: A Century after Wellhausen," ZA ^(Supplement) 100 (1988): 88-100; idem, "The Historical Quest for 'Ancient Israel' and the Linguistic Evidence of the Hebrew Bible: Some Methodological Remarks," VT 47 (1997): 301-15. 77. R.
5 Hecataeus authored a book on Egypt in th reign of Ptolemy I Soter, the first Hellenistic king of Egypt. Hecataeus's Aegyptiaca has not survived as an independent work, but is known only through passages of his book preserved by later authors. Diodorus Siculus included extensive excerpts or paraphrases of Hecataeus in Book 1 on Egypt. 1) Now the Egyptians say that also after these events a great number of colonies were spread from Egypt all over the inhabited world. To Babylon, for instance, colonists were led by Belus, who was held to be the son of Poseidon and Libya; and after establishing himself on the Euphrates river he appointed priests, called Chaldeans by the Babylonians, who were exempt from taxation and free from every kind of service to the state, as are the priests of Egypt; and they also make observations of the stars, following the examples of the Egyptian priests, physicists, and astrologers.