By Harald Bathelt, Maryann Feldman, Dieter F. Kogler
The major goal of the e-book is to debate new tendencies within the dynamic geography of innovation and argue that during an period of accelerating globalization, tendencies look rather dominant: inflexible territorial types of innovation, and localized configurations of leading edge actions. The booklet brings jointly students who're engaged on those themes. instead of targeting proven recommendations and theories, the publication goals to query slender causes, inflexible territorializations, and simplistic coverage frameworks; it offers facts that innovation, whereas now not solely depending on nearby contexts, might be prompted through place-specific attributes.
The e-book will compile new empirical and conceptual paintings through an interdisciplinary workforce of major students from parts akin to financial geography, innovation reviews, and political technology. in accordance with fresh discussions surrounding innovation platforms of alternative forms, it goals to synthesize state of the art knowledge and supply new views at the position of innovation and information production within the worldwide political economy.
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Extra resources for Beyond Territory: Dynamic Geographies of Knowledge Creation, Diffusion and Innovation
With a employed by the plant and little algebraic manipulation, equation ( 1 ) may be re-written such that labor pro ductivity (LP) is a function of capital and labor inputs: L11fl•l (2) The ASM does not provide plant-level estimates of capital and therefore we need to develop a proxy CK). We estimate K from the following expression for profit (n") n = VA - wages = � rK (3 ) where r is the rate of return on capital. The profit-to-labor ratio rK/Lfll• can be substituted into (2), and if we assume the rate of return is equalized across plants, then LP = Ara (Kr J (Lnpw 11 14:a +a - 1 .
2008). Plant characteristics are measured across individual manufacturing establish ments. We limited our sample in several ways. By construction, plants in rural areas are excluded from the study . Furthermore, only plants with a three-year average level of employment above zero are included, as labor productivity with zero employment is undefined. The sample is also restricted to plants with posit ive value added and positive returns to capital. For the latter, this implies value added minus wages is greater than zero.
The elasticity on the profit-to-value-added ratio is largest for all independ ent variables - a 1 0 percent increase in the profit-to-value-added ratio would increase labor productivity by approximately 7 . 5 percent. Increases in the ratio of non-production to production workers inside plants also raises productivity, with an elasticity about half that of the profit-to-value-added ratio. 109. 3 Labor productivity as a function of plant and place characteristics: general model results All plants, 1989-1999 Change in plant characteristics Profit-to-value-added ratio Production workers Non-production-to-production-worker ratio Multi-plant status (reference = single plant) Foreign-plant status (reference= domestic) Change in place characteristics Labor mix Local density upstream suppliers Plants within 5 km Population Constant # obs.