Black's Medical Dictionary (Writing Handbook) by Gordon Macpherson

By Gordon Macpherson

The forty-first variation provides over 5000 definitions and outlines of scientific phrases and ideas followed via appendices on vital matters akin to wellbeing and fitness Economics, Complementary and substitute drugs, universal clinical checks and an handle record of help organizations. All fabric has been checked and up to date with new and considerably revised entries on: abortion, anaesthetics, assisted perception, breast screening, continual fatigue syndrome (ME), scientific directions, scientific trials, evidence-based medication, normal perform, Gulf battle syndrome, menopause, psychosomatic medication.

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There may be slight enlargement of the SPLEEN, and there is usually some diminution in gastric acidity. The characteristic change is a diminution in both the haemoglobin and the red cell content of the blood. There is a relatively greater fall in the haemoglobin than in the red cell count. If the blood is examined under a microscope, the red cells are seen to be paler and smaller than normal. These small red cells are known as microcytes. CHANGES IN THE BLOOD Treatment consists primarily of giving suf- ficient iron by mouth to restore, and then maintain, a normal blood picture.

Drugs. Certain drugs, such as aspirin and the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, may cause occult gastrointestinal bleeding. INADEQUATE ABSORPTION OF IRON This may occur in diseases of intestinal malabsorption. A severe form of this anaemia in women, known as chlorosis, used to be common but is seldom seen nowadays. INADEQUATE INTAKE OF IRON The daily requirement of iron for an adult is 12 mg, and 15–20 mg for an adult woman during pregnancy. This is well covered by an ordinary diet, so that by itself it is not a common cause.

Amantadine A drug used to treat certain virus infections which is also of value in the prevention of some forms of influenza. It is also used to treat PARKINSONISM. Amaurosis Fugax Sudden transitory impairment, or loss, of vision. It usually affects only one eye, and is commonly due to circulatory failure. In its simplest form it occurs in normal people on rising suddenly from the sitting or recumbent position, when it is due to the effects of gravity. It also occurs in migraine. A not uncommon cause, particularly in elderly people, is transient ocular ISCHAEMIA, resulting from blockage of the circulation to the retina (see EYE) by emboli (see EMBOLISM) from the common carotid artery or the heart.

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