Building Stone Walls by John Vivian

By John Vivian

John Vivian tells you every thing you must comprehend to construct your personal stone partitions from begin to end. He covers every little thing from simple apparatus and fabrics to development conserving partitions, development in gates and stiles, relocating boulders, and utilizing lower-quality stone. transparent, targeted drawings express precisely what to do and the way to prevent problems.

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You may have to get some heavy-duty equipment such as a heavy sledge. If the steel strikes sparks you probably have an igneous rock and should find another place for it to fit unless you want to spend a long time hammering. With good, longish, relatively flat stones, One on Two you should never have a vertical fissure in the wall that extends up from course to course. In other words, each rock should rest on at least two others in the course below, and joints between stones should not extend from course to course.

That is: do you build up the core first, and put the outer shells on with any wedges or rubble plugs chinked in, toward the wall? Or do you build the shell, fill in the core and have wedges and plugs chinked out? Or maybe it's the other way around. Anyway I chink both ways. Half the best walls I know are chinked in, the Shimming or chinking the outside of the wall. 48 other half chinked out. You do as you see fit. Footings in this wall are laid in the preferred slight "V" shape. Here it's more important than in other walls.

Unless the wall rests on a flat, horizontal and level plane (or sections rest on a succession of flat steps on hilly ground), gravity will slowly pull your wall downhill. So, either level out the ground or dig footings with bottoms having a plane parallel to the guideline. See the illustrations in Footings for several ways to achieve this. A lot of books tell you to put your Plumb line helps you get started with even courses when building on uneven ground. Dash Line (ground level) Footing Bottom 26 On steep grade base course stones are dug into steps.

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