Byzantine Coinage (Dumbarton Oaks Byzantine Collection by Philip Grierson

By Philip Grierson

This publication covers stages of the coinage, gold, silver, and copper coinage, kinds and inscriptions, and ruler representations. Tables of values corresponding with a variety of occasions within the empire's historical past, a listing of Byzantine emperors, and a thesaurus also are supplied.

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IHS XPS REX REGNANTIVM [“Jesus Christ, king of those who rule”]), but later wholly in Greek. Occasionally there are long inscriptions reading from one side of the coin to the other. The miliaresion of Romanus III, for example, shows a standing Virgin Hodegetria (literally, “the one who leads the way”) with the following metrical text: “O Virgin all-glorious, he who places his hope in thee will prosper in all that he does” (Fig. 66). The double circle of inscriptions on the reverse sides of the stavrata of John V (Fig.

Of gold. ). Christ Emmanuel A term used by art historians for representations of the infant Jesus. Christ Pantocrator A term applied to a particular bust of Christ, showing (lit. “all-ruler”) him clasping a Gospel Book and raising his right hand in benediction. Christogram The monogram of IXP, for ’IhsoËw XristÒw, usually in the form of D but sometimes appearing as B . cross potent A cross with a bar at the end of each arm. ). denier tournois Initially the denier (penny) of base silver struck by the abbots of St.

Introduced by Nicephorus II and struck for a little over a century (ca. 965–1092). After 1092 the name was transferred to a small copper coin that in its small module and thick fabric resembled the gold tetartera of the mid-eleventh century. ) A term referring to the fiduciary nature of a coin whose legal value is higher than its metal one. tournesion (Ital. ) in the Palaeologan period. ), or copper. , concave. See also scyphate. 52 g. trikephalon (lit. ) of the twelfth century and later, since the earliest regular issue had on it a total of three “heads”—those of the emperor, the Virgin, and Christ, the last in the form of a medallion held by the Virgin.

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