Haggai, Zechariah 1-8 (The Anchor Yale Bible Commentaries) by Carol L. Meyers, Eric M. Meyers

By Carol L. Meyers, Eric M. Meyers

Haggai and Zechariah 1–8, quantity 25B within the acclaimed Anchor Bible a part of the Scripture referred to as the Minor Prophets, have been written in the course of a serious interval in Israel’s background, the momentous go back of the Jews from Babylonian exile. Following the conquest of Babylon by way of the Persian Empire, the Israelites sought to reestablish their ethnic and non secular legacy in Judah. This used to be a time of profound turmoil and uncertainty, and Haggai and Zechariah supplied an important degree of aid and idea. They rallied Israel’s energies and exhorted their fellow countrymen to heed the be aware of God. lower than their suggestions the Jews restored the Temple at Jerusalem, which were destroyed via the armies of Nebuchadnezzar. jointly the 2 prophets guided Israel via a huge transitional epoch, and reconciled the impacts of Persia’s dominion with the sacred traditions of the Hebrew people.

In this illuminating new translation and remark, Carol and Eric Meyers think about the publication of Haggai and the 1st 8 chapters of the publication of Zechariah in a linguistic, social, and historic context. They underscore the literary artistry, the political acumen, and the prophetic authority of those interesting volumes that proved so important to the survival of Israel and the upkeep of the Jewish faith.

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The Use of Scripture in the Damascus Document 1-8, 19-20 by Jonathan G. Campbell

By Jonathan G. Campbell

This monograph, a remodeling of an Oxford D. Phil. dissertation (1991) written below the supervision of G. Vermes, specializes in the scriptural historical past of 1 of the foremost texts of the Qumran neighborhood, the Damascus record (D).

After an invaluable precis of the learn on D (pp. 4-8), a normal dialogue of using the Bible at Qumran, and a assessment of a monograph by means of O. J. R. Schwarz reading the exact same subject as Campbell, Der erste Teil der Damaskusschrift und das alte testomony (Diest: Lichtland, 1965), the writer reaches the most subject of the research: scripture within the ancient and midrashic sections of D (pp. 49-174). those entities are separated because the writer expects to become aware of in them a special method of scripture. notwithstanding, the precise demarcation of the devices is gifted with such a lot of caveats that the reader wonders in regards to the viability of the department. the writer explains his definition of the old part (I:1-II: 1; II: 14-IV: 12a; V:15b-VI:11a) as follows: "In any case, it's transparent that adopting the designation 'historical' for those 3 elements of the Admonition, with the mandatory caveats, doesn't suggest that different parts of the paintings comprise no related fabric. yet the place this can be the case, such devices are usually shorter, or they belong to sections the place fabric of a distinct personality predominates, otherwise they concentration extra basically on what seems to be modern referents inside a narrower time-scale" (p. 51). the writer expresses comparable doubts in regards to the subdivision of all of D.

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Erzählte Welten im Richterbuch: Narratologische Aspekte by Susanne Gillmayr-Bucher

By Susanne Gillmayr-Bucher

Das Richterbuch präsentiert einen Rückblick in die Geschichte des Volkes Israel, der eine große Vergangenheit (re)konstruiert und zugleich einen äußerst kritischen Blick auf diese Zeit wirft.
Die vorliegende Studie zeigt, wie die Erzählzyklen des Richterbuchs das zentrale Thema, die Suche nach einer verbindlichen und lebensförderlichen Ordnung, aus verschiedenen Blickwinkeln darstellen und reflektieren. Die unterschiedlichen Perspektiven treten dabei miteinander in einen kontroversen conversation, der keine eindeutige oder einseitige Einordnung dieser Epoche erlaubt. Eine detaillierte narratologische examine der erzählten Welten der Texte und ihrer Figuren zeigt, dass die Komposition und Zusammenstellung der einzelnen Erzählungen zwar Systematisierungen der Epoche andeuten, diese jedoch stets wieder dekonstruieren. So bleibt das Richterbuch ein Rückblick zwischen Bewunderung und Befremden.

The booklet of Judges offers a (re)construction of Israel’s background that recollects a appropriate earlier yet at the same time deals a really severe view. This research specializes in the narrated worlds of the tales and how they give a contribution to the significant subject matter: the quest for compulsory and worthy guidance for the folks. a close narratological research of the narrated worlds exhibits how different views awarded within the texts have interaction in a debatable discussion. even if the composition of the tales exhibits a systematisation, those makes an attempt are again and again deconstructed. hence the e-book of Judges eludes any one-sided interpretation and is still a retrospection among admiration and disconcertment.

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Godly Fear or Ungodly Failure? Hebrews 12 and the Sinai by Michael Kibbe

By Michael Kibbe

Hebrews 12:18-29 makes use of either Exodus 19-20 and Deuteronomy 4-5 to explain Israel's anxious reaction to God's presence on Mount Sinai/Horeb, whereas showing to contradict their reviews of that reaction. This e-book that the writer of Hebrews is utilizing (but no longer abusing) his resources so that it will unpack either the continuity and the discontinuity among Israel's adventure in God's presence and that of his readers.

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Like an Everlasting Signet Ring: Generosity in the Book of by Bradley C. Gregory

By Bradley C. Gregory

This paintings explores the theological and social dimensions of generosity within the booklet of Sirach and contextualizes them in the tradition and regarded moment Temple Judaism. Ben Sira??s knowing of generosity is based at the pressure among putting forward the vintage knowledge precept of retributive justice and spotting its breakdown within the socio-economic situations of Seleucid Judea. He forges a brand new Wisdom-Torah ethic of mercy within which giving generously is a vital part of residing ''''the stable life''''.While loans and surety are crucial practices, almsgiving is the preeminent act of generosity. the elemental theological good judgment at paintings is composed in viewing the bad as proxies for God and relies at the financial constitution of Proverbs 19:17. Giving to the terrible is, in truth, a deposit in a heavenly treasury and may pay destiny dividends. through situating Ben Sira??s view of almsgiving in the wider framework of retributive justice and its breakdown, new mild is shed at the functional tensions concerning the volume of almsgiving and its courting to the help of the Jerusalem priesthood. a number of the dynamics of Ben Sira??s inspiration on generosity are located in the broader Hellenistic international and of their foundational function for later Jewish and Christian inspiration.

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Habakkuk by Robert D. Haak

By Robert D. Haak

Starting with shape- and text-critical examinations of the textual content of Habakkuk, this paintings examines the position of the prophet within the old atmosphere of past due 7th-century Judah. It assesses the rules supported via Habakkuk throughout the debate surrounding the loss of life of the Assyrian empire and Judah's function within the new political scenario. It offers a foundation for interpreting the position of prophets in Judahite society.

This useful examine comprises 4 conscientiously built chapters during which the shape, content material, and ancient environment of Habakkuk’s prophecy are analyzed and the jobs which Habakkuk and different prophets performed inside of Judahite society are tested. within the first bankruptcy, Haak surveys the early Hebrew manuscripts (mainly 1QpHab and the Murabbaˁat manuscript of the Twelve Prophets) and the models of Habakkuk and concludes that "there is a foundation for the textual learn of Habakkuk in the consonantal culture represented within the MT” (p. 7). He for that reason adopts a text-critical technique within which the consonantal culture of the MT is given precedence yet during which emendation is taken into account valid if proof from the manuscripts and the types warrants. at the foundation of current wisdom, Haak presumes that it really is fullyyt attainable “to arrive at an realizing of the textual content that is towards the unique ancient environment than the knowledge mirrored within the current MT” (p. 10). certainly, that's the target of the subsequent bankruptcy ("Translation and Notes”).

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The World's Oldest Literature (Culture and History of the by William W. Hallo

By William W. Hallo

Literature starts at Sumer, we might say. on condition that this historic crossroads of tin and copper produced not just bronze and the complete Bronze Age, but in addition through necessity, the 1st approach of record-keeping and the means of writing. Scribal faculties served to propagate the recent approach and their curriculum grew to create, defend and transmit all demeanour of inventive poetry. In a life of study, the writer has studied a number of facets of this so much historical literary oeuvre, together with such questions as chronology and bilingualism, in addition to contributing primary insights into particular genres corresponding to proverbs, letter-prayers and lamentations. furthermore, he has drawn conclusions for the comparative or contextual method of biblical literature. His stories, commonly scattered in diversified courses for almost fifty years, are the following assembled in handy one-volume layout, made extra trouble-free by way of huge cross-references and indices.

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New Creation in Paul's Letters and Thought (Society for New by Moyer V. Hubbard

By Moyer V. Hubbard

M.V. Hubbard deals an entire research of St. Paul's figuring out of "new lifestyles" and "new creation", operating heavily with the language of his letters to unpack, in socio-anthropological context, the photographs and metaphors he makes use of. Professor Hubbard examines different methods and literature at the subject, supplying a major new point of view at the Pauline oeuvre and its which means.

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Blood Expiation in Hittite and Biblical Ritual: Origins, by Yitzhaq Feder

By Yitzhaq Feder

This pioneering learn examines using blood to purge the consequences of sin and impurity in Hittite and biblical ritual. the concept blood atones for sins holds a well-liked position in either Jewish and Christian traditions. the writer strains this thought again to its earliest documentation within the fourteenth- and thirteenth-century B.C.E. texts from Hittite Anatolia, during which the smearing of blood is used as a method of expiation, purification, and consecration. This ceremony parallels, in either its process and ambitions, the biblical sin supplying. the writer argues that this custom stems from a standard culture manifested in either cultures. furthermore, this e-book goals to decipher and elucidate the symbolism of the perform of blood smearing by way of looking to establish the sociocultural context within which the expiatory importance of blood originated. therefore, it's crucial interpreting for a person attracted to the that means and efficacy of formality, the origins of Jewish and Christian notions of sin and atonement, and the beginning of the biblical blood ceremony.

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There Is Hope for a Tree: The Tree As Metaphor in Isaiah by Kirsten Nielsen

By Kirsten Nielsen

Insights received from the learn of metaphorical language in different fields, really New testomony parable study, are right here utilized to the tree metaphors in Isaiah 1-39. the focal point of research is the content material of the metaphors , the intentions underlying their use, and the results of that use. the writer means that (1) the informative functionality of the tree metaphors is to supply theological interpretations of the political state of affairs; (2) the performative functionality of the metaphors is to interact the viewers in this sort of manner that they undertake the metaphors' interpretation of fact as their very own; (3) using metaphorical language encourages continuous reinterpretation of the unique proclamation. The tree within the backyard, the felling of bushes, new development of felled bushes and the woodland hearth, are one of the photos Isaiah makes use of to make his political statements. He indicates himself to be an incredibly useful rhetorician in utilizing those pictures to instil an energetic reaction in his viewers. The modes during which the metaphors could be reinterpreted and reapplied in new contexts are perceived as major not just for the composition of Isaiah, yet for that of next spiritual literature.

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