By Louise Cummings
Many young ones and adults adventure major breakdown within the use of language. The ensuing pragmatic issues current a substantial barrier to potent verbal exchange. This e-book is the 1st severe exam of the present country of our wisdom of pragmatic problems and offers a entire assessment of the most recommendations and theories in pragmatics. It examines the total variety of pragmatic issues that take place in young children and adults and discusses how they're assessed and taken care of by means of clinicians. Louise Cummings makes an attempt to combine the fields of pragmatics, language pathology and cognitive technological know-how by means of interpreting the ways that pragmatics could make an invaluable contribution to debates approximately cognitive theories of autism. The reader is inspired to imagine in a serious model approximately how clinicians, experimentalists and theorists care for pragmatic concerns.
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Extra resources for Clinical Pragmatics
A narrative that fails to take account of listener knowledge by leaving certain information implicit and by presupposing other information will be inefficient for the speaker (who will have to state every detail explicitly) and unrevealing for the listener (who will be told many things he or she already knows). As well as considering listener knowledge, a speaker who is relating a story to a friend must attend to the coherence and cohesion of his or her narrative. g. relating events in temporal sequence, displaying clear cause–consequence relations).
2000) and psychotic patients (Ribeiro and Pinto 2009). As well as revealing discourse deficits – Hartley and Jensen (1991) found, for example, that closed head injured subjects use fewer cohesive ties per utterance than normal subjects – studies have also found preservation of pragmatic skills in subjects. Using an analysis of personal narratives, Ulatowska and Olness (2007) demonstrated that aphasic adults are able to achieve discourse coherence. 9 Relevance theory Relevance theory (Sperber and Wilson 1986, 1995) is undoubtedly one of the most prominent theories in pragmatics.
For this reason, I will discuss a number of cognitive approaches to pragmatics in this book. g. adults with closed head injury) to constrain a competence theory Clinical pragmatics 27 of human intentional communication that has been developed on independent grounds. Another approach to be examined in Chapter 5 – Asa Kasher’s modular pragmatics – uses a prominent perspective in cognitive science to address the question of the relationship of pragmatics to cognition. I will examine cognitive pragmatics theory in the present context.