Code-mixing and code choice: a Hong Kong case study by John Gibbons

By John Gibbons

Code-mixing is a quick constructing niche for these concerned about bilingualism, sociolinguistics and utilized linguistics. simply because the language phenomena produced firstly by way of touch among teams who didn't proportion a language - pidginization and creolization - have proved to be revealing within the examine of moment language improvement and language universals, so additionally the exam of the blending of 2 or extra languages inside of bilingual groups is commencing to throw mild on a number of vital concerns. during this e-book John Gibbons makes use of a variety of various ways to code-mixing and code selection, evaluates them and makes an attempt to combine them in a composite mode of code selection. The research is found within the attention-grabbing bilingual group of Hong Kong.

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Malay). Finally, it is possible to mix certain of these languages, especially for metalinguistic and teaching purposes in foreign language classes. So the potential other codes are: Other Other Mandarin Chinese European Other Other Dialects Languages Languages Mixtures Page 23 In the sample that this research is investigating there were no cases of the use of pure European languages, no "other languages", and the only other Chinese dialect that occurred was Hakka. There would unquestionably have been other Chinese dialects such as Shanghainese and Hoklo if the sample had been larger.

This problem did not occur with the variable "University classes", since the information provided by the student in the place, time, circumstance and interlocutor columns placed the identity of the variable beyond doubt. This particular variable is important for two reasons: (a) it is the only circumstance in which we find Cantonese inserted into a predominantly English discourse, and (b) the majority of uses of English when speaking with fellow Chinese occurred in this circumstance. Page 30 Circumstance The reason for this behaviour is that the University of Hong Kong is an English medium institution where the only officially permitted language of instruction is English with the exception of the study of other languages.

Little interaction between the two groups". In this respect Hong Kong may not be markedly different from other societies with substantial transient expatriate communities. Luke & Richards (1982: 58) also point out that frequent Cantonese-English code-switching ''is not a common feature of the speech repertoire of Hong Kong Cantonese". The status of English in Hong Kong is somewhat unusual. In countries such as India, Ivory Coast or Mozambique the former colonial language is a lingua franca of the educated local élite, comprising one common form of local internal communicationthese might be seen as true second language situations.

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