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Extra resources for Cognitive and Communicative Approaches to Linguistic Analysis
4. Reference points We come now to the ﬁnal example of using converging evidence to justify a descriptive construct. e. to single it out for individual conscious awareness). An entity accessed via a reference point is called a target (T). A reference point’s dominion (D) is the set of potential targets to which it gives access. The diagrammatic representation in Figure 6 will prove convenient. This general cognitive ability has both perceptual and more abstract manifestations. It provides the coherence of sequences like the following: (3) a.
It is well known, of course, that certain kinds of entities make “better” subjects than others. Certainly humans outrank clauses in regard to “topicality” and “subjectworthiness”. Cognitive Grammar and double subject constructions I believe double subject constructions serve a similar function, by means of a different grammatical device, albeit one that still relies on a reference point relation. Many grammatical phenomena conspire to ensure that elements with intrinsic cognitive salience appear in positions that are structurally prominent.
The conceptual referent of near Chicago, for example, is a relationship of spatial proximity, not the city of Chicago. Fourth, a subordinate clause is one whose proﬁle is overridden at a higher level of grammatical organization. Here I will merely observe that (1)a — taken as a whole — proﬁles the process of admiring, not that of pole-vaulting, while (1)b proﬁles an act of deciding (not buying) at the highest level of organization. (1) a. I admire anyone [who can pole-vault 16 feet]. b. She decided [to buy a new car].