By Marjorie Milbank Farrar (auth.)
The historic literature at the first global struggle has committed rather little awareness to the Allied blockade of the significant Powers. The few released reports have focused both at the blockade's naval facets or solely at the British contribution. Little attempt has been made heretofore to differentiate the French function. This examine makes a speciality of the French contribution to the diplomatic, as contrasted with the maritime, blockade of the valuable Powers. It discusses essentially French family with the so-called eu border impartial states : mostly Switzerland, but in addition the Netherlands and the 3 Scandinavian international locations. merely within the diplomatic features of the Allied blockade software did the French play a particular position. Their token contribution to maritime blockade task remained subordinate to the British. An exam of Franco-neutral rela tions contains not just a examine of these diplomatic contacts according to se but in addition a comparability of French and British strategies as a mirrored image of differing financial conflict options. This examine additionally investigates the improvement of a French blockade association to fulfill the calls for of this new weapon, the diplomatic blockade.
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Additional resources for Conflict and Compromise: The Strategy, Politics and Diplomacy of the French Blockade, 1914–1918
4U 41 28 OUTWARD UNITY AND INNER TENSION Point II added that the Allied governments intended to implement their common economic views, and charged a forthcoming economic conference to propose appropriate measures. Point III noted the conference's decision to create in Paris a permanent blockade committee representing all the Allies. This new organ's objective would be to reinforce, coordinate, and unify measures taken to restrict enemy supplies. 45 Although the Allies did not immediately implement the conference's suggestions, they did explicitly recognize Allied economic solidarity as desirable for the first time.
63 Yet, it did provide an arena where views on economic matters could be exchanged. And it somewhat internationalized a formerly exclusive Franco-British program. Still, the blockade remained a Franco-British affair in which the Italians occasionally assisted. Even though this committee existed until the end of the war, the other Allies contributed little to the formulation or implementation of blockade strategy. The French tried briefly to increase its significance after the American declaration of war.
But since the committee lacked clear-cut lines of authority, it had trouble winning acceptance for any particular policy. And yet, no ministry was willing to relinquish its committee membership or its right to consultation. No organ 40 DOMESTIC DISSENSION AND OPPOSITION existed in January 1916 to centralize and systematize all relevant information or to ensure adoption of desirable policies. Thus paradoxically, just as the French reaffirmed their determination to pursue an energetic economic offensive, they found themselves handicapped by the rudimentary mechanism created to conduct it.!