Controversies in Contemporary Islam by Oliver Leaman

By Oliver Leaman

This publication is helping to deepen our knowing of the types of modern Islam and the problems which are of such a lot situation to Muslims this present day. Oliver Leaman explores many of the controversies and debates that exist inside Islam and among Islam and different religions. He considers how the faith might be outlined by way of the distinction among competing units of ideals, and arguments among Muslims themselves over the character of the religion. parts coated comprise: Qur’anic interpretation, gender, finance, schooling, and nationalism. Examples are taken from a number contexts and illustrate the variety of ways to Islam that exists today.

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One can see advantages and disadvantages in both approaches. Mulla Sadra saw Ibn Sina as avoiding the concrete reality of being and remaining stuck in the realm of ideas. Existence is a concrete reality that is simple and unique. There is no distinction among its individuals essentially except in terms of degrees of perfection and imperfection and intensity and weakness. Journey III of the Four Journeys begins with a discussion of the ways of proving the existence of God. Having noted previous cosmological and ontological proofs, Mulla Sadra expresses his own “method of the veracious” (manhaj al-siddiqin).

It is rather similar to the way in which the philosophers like al-Farabi saw their reliance on logic as a way of assessing the essence of language and getting behind its apparent structure. AlJurjani tried to place this way of approaching the text on a new and more scientific basis, so that we come to see how remarkable the structure is from a formal point of view. Then we are entitled to make certain judgments about its authorship and authority. This is a particular example of the argument from design.

This is something that Nursi captures well in his accounts of the style of the Qur’an and his careful analysis of particular passages in the Book. What it is important to understand about these judgments concerning style is that they are aesthetic judgments. They can be argued for, and they can also be argued against. That would seem to many to be a rather weak basis for a proof that something was created by God. Further reading Abdel Haleem 1996, ‘Ali 1999, Campanini 2007, 2011, Cook 2000, Leaman 2009, 2010, Lewis 2002, Neuwirth 2010, Nursi 2005, 2006, Reynolds 2010, Sonn 2006, Wild 2006a.

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