Crossroads and Cosmologies: Diasporas and Ethnogenesis in by Christopher C. Fennell

By Christopher C. Fennell

Christopher Fennell bargains a clean standpoint on ways in which the earliest enslaved Africans preserved very important points in their traditions and identities within the New international. He additionally explores comparable advancements between eu immigrants and the interactions of either teams with local Americans.


Focusing on extant artifacts left by way of displaced Africans, Fennell unearths that fabric tradition and spiritual ritual contributed to a number of modes of survival in mainland North the US in addition to within the Caribbean and Brazil. through the years, new symbols of tradition resulted in extra adjustments in person customs and ideology in addition to the production of latest social teams and new expressions of identity.


Presenting insights from archaeology, historical past, and symbolic anthropology, this publication strains the dynamic legacy of the trans-Atlantic diasporas over 4 centuries, and it demanding situations present strategies of creolization and cultural retention. within the approach, it examines many of the significant cultural trust structures of west and west relevant Africa, particular symbols of the BaKongo and Yoruba cosmologies, improvement of renowned African-American non secular expressions within the Americas, and the Christian and non-Christian non secular traditions of German-speaking immigrants from principal Europe.

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Extra info for Crossroads and Cosmologies: Diasporas and Ethnogenesis in the New World

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S, personal property placed values on those possessions that totaled to 292 pounds, 1 shilling, and 2 pence (Fennell 2003a:56). That sum in 1806 would equate roughly to £12,043, or $18,303, in the year 2000 (McCusker 2001). , thought Peter was already such an enterprising individual that he did not need more aid than a modest gift of 15 pounds. If so, John was not mistaken. Peter was thirty-eight years old when his father died. Peter and his wife, Mary, had married sometime in the 1780s and raised a large family, including sons William, Mahlon, John, and Enos, and daughters Elizabeth, Louisa, Margaretha, Catharina, and Maria.

The possible association of this skull figure, and its crossed-line motif, with African American cultural traditions is highly intriguing. If the crossed lines are similar to the X marks on colonoware pottery that Ferguson argues are derived from the BaKongo culture of west central Africa (see fig. 2), it is apparent that these are highly abbreviated expressions of a rich cultural tradition and symbolic repertoire. The covert placement of such a symbolladen object raises provocative issues as well.

In contrast, instrumental forms of the same core symbol frequently consist of abbreviated and private expressions for personal purposes. Second, such a core symbol is usually expressed in its most fully complex and embellished form in the emblematic expressions of public and group rituals. When a core symbol of a cultural belief system is used for more private and personal ends, it is often expressed as an instrumental symbol that uses only selected and abbreviated components of the full array of the core symbol’s composition.

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