Culture and Basic Psychological Processes by Kitayama

By Kitayama

Oyserman, Coon, and Kenmielmeier (in press) supply a such a lot finished evaluation of empirical stories that use attitudinal surveys to catch cultural adaptations in individualism and collectivism. This paper means that the cross-cultural validity of attitudinal surveys can not be taken without any consideration. in addition, the meta-theory underlying this literature (called the entity view of tradition) is termed into query. the writer provides another meta-theory (called the process view of tradition) and discusses its implications for destiny paintings in cultural and cross-cultural psychology.

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Si nous pouvons expliquer le processus qui détermine les réponses différentielles de l'organisme aux divers stimuli physiques, nous aurons dans le même temps expliqué 25. H. KLÜVER, Behavior Mechanism of Monkeys, 1933, en particulier p. 330-332; «The study of personality ... », 1935, p. \09; et «Psychology at the beginning ... », 1949, p. 404. Une formulation claire peut également être trouvée dans E. R. HILGARD et D. G. MARQUIS, Conditioning and Learning, 1940, p. 176: « Les faits fondamentaux de l'équivalence du stimulus et de l'équivalence de la réponse ne sont pas limités à l'application de réponses conditionnées, mais sont vraies des réflexes et des réponses volontaires complexes.

La première tâche d'une telle approche objectiviste consistante devrait par conséquent établir expérimentalement ce qui, pour nous, est le point de départ de tout savoir, à savoir l'ordre phénoménal dans lequel les différents stimuli apparaissent dans notre esprit. 87. Il n'est au moins pas inconcevable, quoique pas vraisemblable, qu'en procédant ainsi nous puissions, un beau jour, réussir à 45. Comme ils le firent en fin de compte - cf. 76. On pourrait même dater la fin du behaviorisme au moment où il y eut une reconnaissance générale de l'importance centrale du problème de l'équivalence des stimuli, c'est-à-dire, peu après la parution de H.

L. DIMMICK in BORING, LANGFELD et WELD, Foundations of Psych%gy, 1948, p. 270-280. 22. V. VON WEIZSAECKER, Der Gesta/kreis ... , [1940]1947, p. 15-16. 36 L'ORDRE SENSORIEL événements peuvent chacun être similaires à un troisième, mais ne pas être similaires l'un par rapport à l'autre. En d'autres termes, la similarité est une relation non transitive. 47. Il en va de même pour les événements mentaux. Deux qualités sensorielles seront égales si leurs effets sur d'autres événements mentaux ou sur le comportement seront les mêmes sous tous les aspects.

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