By Wojciech Pisula
The aim of the booklet is to bring a serious evaluate of the literature and author's study information correct for realizing the phenomena of interest, details looking habit, and novelty looking. The e-book is designed to be a entire and systematic lecture of parts relating to the most topic in a manner that would allow the reader to know the idea of improvement by way of the evolutionary time scale and ontogenesis. all of the topics is defined at the foundation of 3 views: final components, integrative degrees, and aroximate mechanisms. This paintings is meant to combine ways followed inside of psychology, ethology, and behavioral neuroscience.
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Extra resources for Curiosity and Information Seeking in Animal and Human Behavior
In all cases automatized behavior means that an organism is able to free significant parts of its resources and allocate them to other tasks. It also means that the task that occupies the final behavioral common path engages only the peripheral (or lower, executive) part of the central nervous system resources. The concept of control implies, on the other hand, that the organization of behavioral activity has a hierarchical structure. There is a level or object or function which is controlled by another one, and simultaneously the same level or object or function controls another one.
Therefore the very first peck of a newly hatched chick is an example of automatism, triggered by a visual cue. But pecking activates polimodal sensory inputs that influence the brain functioning, and that is when the process of control begins. As a result (what we would call learning today), “Control involves ... a double circuit, the lower reflex circuit and the higher control circuit. “ (Morgan, 1894, p. 186). In these words, appropriate for the end of the nineteenth century, Morgan expressed the idea of lower level, automatic processes and acquired, higher level processes of control, that may sometimes have something in common with consciousness.
G. M. Bowen (2008) recommends the study of the exploratory behavior of crickets as a valuable laboratory activity for students. The similarities in the exploratory behavior of insects and vertebrates again lead us to conclude that evolution led to the development of similar behavior patterns regardless of the phylogenetic position of various groups of animals. The last common ancestor of vertebrates and arthro48 PHYLOGENETIC DEVELOPMENT pods lived in the Proterozoic. The development of the nervous system in vertebrates and arthropods took a very different course.