Democracy Prevention: The Politics of the U.S.-Egyptian by Jason Brownlee

By Jason Brownlee

While a well-liked riot pressured long-ruling Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak to renounce on February eleven, 2011, U.S. President Barack Obama hailed the victory of peaceable demonstrators within the middle of the Arab global. yet Washington was once past due to recommend democracy - for many years the us favorite Egypt's rulers over its humans. considering the fact that 1979, the U.S. had supplied the Egyptian regime greater than $60 billion in reduction and immeasurable political help to safe its major pursuits within the sector: Israeli safeguard and powerful family with Persian Gulf oil manufacturers. through the Egyptian rebellion, the White residence didn't advertise renowned sovereignty yet as an alternative subsidized an "orderly transition" to 1 of Mubarak's cronies. Even after protesters derailed that plan, the anti-democratic U.S.-Egyptian alliance persisted. utilizing untapped fundamental fabrics, this publication is helping clarify why authoritarianism has continued in Egypt with American help, at the same time coverage makers declare to motivate democratic swap.

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Embassy in Cairo reopened. S. 45 It was a pipe dream, but one that Sadat would keep chasing. When Nixon resigned in October, the offer vanished. Still, to mitigate the chance the Egyptians would reach out to Moscow, Gerald Ford implored Sadat “to turn the Soviets down” and give the United States’ “unilateral effort” toward peacemaking more time. He also pledged $250 million in economic support for Egypt, an unprecedented disbursement from the United States to Egypt but not a military aid package.

Suppressing the opposition, however, carried a “preventive” upside in peace talks: “The further flexibility that will be required provides additional ammunition for his opponents at home and within the Arab world. S. 118 Peace before Freedom 31 The time had come, Carter decided, for another bold venture. In early August, he invited Begin and Sadat to join him at the presidential retreat at Camp David, where the three leaders could address all outstanding issues. In such a high-profile venture, failure would be catastrophic for Carter’s political future and for the chance of real peace.

In April, the two presidents met in Washington, discussed the threats of pro-Soviet governments in eastern Africa, and shared their hopes for Middle East peace. 79 Carter’s friendship would prove to be a double-edged sword for the Egyptian president. It gave Sadat unprecedented access to the White House, but it also exposed him to intense pressure. Rather than alleviating Sadat’s domestic difficulties, Carter exacerbated them by expecting his Egyptian counterpart to ignore public opinion. Given Carter’s commitments to promoting human rights, his attitude toward Egyptian domestic politics was ironic.

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