Landforms of High Mountains by Alexander Stahr

By Alexander Stahr

This picture atlas and reference e-book is written in basic language that may be understood by means of a vast viewers. The paintings comprehensively explains the geomorphological kinds of excessive mountains utilizing many examples like glacial erosion types and deposits corresponding to moraines and gravel terraces, that are illustrated with a variety of images. Landslide landscapes, volcanoes, weathering, and erosion are different examples mentioned. those examples are from the world over, together with the Himalayas, the Alps, the Andes, and the Southern Alps of recent Zealand. This paintings comes in handy for laymen who're attracted to geosciences, in particular high-mountain landforms, in addition to for college kids and academics of earth sciences.

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Landforms of High Mountains

This snapshot atlas and reference ebook is written in uncomplicated language that may be understood via a wide viewers. The paintings comprehensively explains the geomorphological sorts of excessive mountains utilizing many examples like glacial erosion kinds and deposits similar to moraines and gravel terraces, that are illustrated with various images.

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This shows the sequence 24 2 Landforms Determined by Tectonics Fig. 6 Sliding masses. Untersberg, Berchtesgaden Alps, Germany. By the sliding of large rock masses (“Berchtesgaden nappe”) to deeper basin areas folding structures were formed on their forehead. Published with kind permission of # Dr. Ewald Langenscheidt 2014. All Rights Reserved Fig. 7 Alpine fault. The Alpine Fault is a right side oriented transform fault, which runs through the South Island of New Zealand. There the Australian and Pacific plate passes each other.

S. Geological Survey (USGS, public domain) 2014. All Rights Reserved Within high mountains such as the North American Cascades or the Andes are numerous peaks of volcanic origin. Molten rock rises from the interior of the earth upward, as it is less dense than the surrounding rock. It forms within the lithosphere magma chambers and from there it moves to surface. This process is called volcanism and includes also the expulsion of gaseous substances at the surface. A volcano is generally the place where these substances reach the surface.

1007/978-3-642-53715-8_4, # Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015 37 38 4 Weathering and erosion are the essential processes which have formed today’s high mountain areas and still continue to change them. High mountains arise through the collision of tectonic plates with the exception of those formed by volcanic activity and they begin to collapse even as they continue to grow. Many mountain hikers and alpinists are surely very familiar with weathering and erosion. Think of rockfall caused by animals, unfreezing processes, a rope team, or the actions of a touring company.

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