Medical retina by Frank G. Holz, Richard F. Spaide

By Frank G. Holz, Richard F. Spaide

Although the therapy of retinal illnesses continues to be the most difficult fields in ophthalmology, the normal of data has stronger considerably during the last few years. The perception into simple mechanisms of illness has been elevated and novel diagnostic and healing techniques were built, bridging the space among laboratory and medical technological know-how. the world over well known specialists current right here a entire evaluate of the most recent advancements, including:

+ functions of optical coherence tomography

+ Scanning laser ophthalmoscopy for fundus autofluorescence imaging

+ present and up-to-date strategies for photodynamic remedy in neovascular AMD

+ Novel techniques together with intravitreal injections of antiangiogenic substances

This hugely functional and clinically proper quantity should be of significant price for all these concerned with the therapy of retinal ailments corresponding to age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and persistent vital serous chorioretinopathy.


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Toth CA, Narayan DG, Boppart SA, Hee MR, Fujimoto JG, Birngruber R, Cain C, DiCarlo CD, Roach P (1997) A comparison of retinal morphology viewed by optical coherence tomography and by light microscopy. Arch Ophthalmol 115:1425–1428 36. Wilkins JR, Puliafito CA, Hee MR, Duker JS, Reichel E, Coker JG, Schuman JS, Swanson EA, Fujimoto JG (1996) Characterization of epiretinal membranes using optical coherence tomography. Ophthalmology 103:2142–2151 37. Wolfensberger TJ (2004) Foveal reattachment after macula-off retinal detachment occurs faster after vitrectomy than after buckle surgery.

2000) The role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration. Surv Ophthalmol 45:115–134 5. Bellmann C, Jorzik J, Spital G et al. (2002) Symmetry of bilateral lesions in geographic atrophy in patients with age-related macular degeneration. Arch Ophthalmol 120:579–584 6. Berendschot TTJM, Goldbohm RA, Klöpping WAA et al. (2000) Influence of lutein supplementation on macular pigment, assessed with two objective methods. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 41:3322–3326 7. Bergmann M, Schutt F, Holz FG, Kopitz J (2004) Inhibition of the ATP-driven proton pump in RPE lysosomes by the major lipofuscin fluorophore A2-E may contribute to the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 34:359–370 30. Kjellin K (1959) Familial spastic paraplegia with amyotrophy, oligophrenia, and central retinal degeneration. Arch Neurol 1:133–140 31. Klaver CCW, van Leeuwen R,Vingerling JR, De Jong PTVM (2003) Epidemiology of age-related maculopathy. In: Holz FG, Pauleikhoff D, Spaide RF, Bird AC (eds) Age-related macular degeneration. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York 32. Klein R, Davis MD, Magli YL, Segal P, Klein BE, Hubbard L (1991) The Wisconsin Age-Related Maculopathy Grading System.

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