Migration and National Identity in South Africa, 1860-2010 by Professor Audie Klotz

By Professor Audie Klotz

A unprecedented outbreak of xenophobic violence in could 2008 stunned South Africa, yet hostility towards beginners has an extended heritage. Democratization has channeled such discontent right into a non-racial nationalism that in particular ambitions overseas Africans as a danger to prosperity. discovering appropriate governmental and societal responses calls for a greater figuring out of the complicated legacies of segregation that underpin present immigration rules and practices. regrettably, traditional wisdoms of direction dependency advertise over the top fatalism and forget about how a lot South Africa is a regular settler kingdom. A century in the past, its coverage makers shared cutting edge principles with Australia and Canada, and those friends, which now overtly strive against with their very own racist earlier, benefit renewed realization. As unpalatable because the comparability could be to modern advocates of multiculturalism, rethinking regulations in South Africa may also supply classes for reconciling competing claims of indigeneity via a number of degrees of illustration and rights.

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Still, during the postwar period, Afrikaner nationalists sought to emulate international norms of self-determination in their notorious apartheid system, and I argue in Chapter 3 that its subsequent demise is intricately linked to unsuccessful attempts to accommodate decolonization. Of course, not all socialization effects will transform trajectories. As Hertzog learned, building transnational connections and invoking international norms of self-determination were no guarantee of political success.

Again, MacDonald (Why Race Matters) makes a similar argument but without reference to migration. Robert Jackson, Quasi-States: Sovereignty, International Relations and the Third World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990); J. Samuel Barkin and Bruce Cronin, “The State and the Nation: Changing Norms and the Rules of Sovereignty in International Relations,” International Organization 48 (1), Winter 1994, 107–30; Audie Klotz and Cecelia Lynch, Strategies for Research in Constructivist International Relations (Armonk: M.

13 To narrow these down, I use macro-historical comparisons. In light of their recurring presence in the historical record, Australia and Canada, as fellow former Dominions in the British Empire, provide especially relevant empirical evidence of what alternative paths might be and thus bolster a sense of contingency. This macro-historical orientation (the scope of which I expand further in Chapter 5) is inherently more structural than the micro-level perspectives that dominate current debate in South Africa, in which interventions (including the anti-xenophobia campaign) tend to focus either on political attitudes or everyday life experiences.

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