Neoliberal Urban Policy and the Transformation of the City: by A. MacLaren, S. Kelly, Andrew MacLaran

By A. MacLaren, S. Kelly, Andrew MacLaran

This booklet studies the nature and affects of 'actually-existing' neoliberalism in eire. It examines the property-development increase and its legacy, the affects of neoliberal city coverage in reshaping town, public resistance to the hot city coverage and highlights salient issues to be drawn from the Irish adventure of neoliberalism.

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Extra info for Neoliberal Urban Policy and the Transformation of the City: Reshaping Dublin

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Urban administration and planning in the Dublin Region fall within the remit of four local authorities. Dublin Corporation, renamed Dublin City Council (DCC) in 2002, administers Dublin County Borough and comprises the central city, the inner suburbs and much of the outer northern suburbs. Fingal County Council, South Dublin County Council and Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown County Council comprise elements of outer suburbia together with adjacent rural districts. Until the early 1990s, some degree of co-operation between the metropolitan authorities (which had previously comprised the centrally located Dublin Corporation, a largely suburban County Dublin and the small borough of Dun Laoghaire) had been ensured through a single City and County Manager.

By 2010, the IFSC had become the second largest off-shore financial centre in Europe involving 450 international operations and over 1,000 managed entities. It was host to half the world’s 50 largest banks and half the top 20 insurance companies. It had generated employment, amounting to 24,000 jobs with estimated average salaries of 60,000 per annum, with a further 6,000 jobs being created indirectly. 4bn in Corporation Tax,4 198M on payroll taxes and 515M on income taxes) on operations which, in the absence of the IFSC, would possibly not have entered the jurisdiction of the country at all.

Nowhere was this restructuring felt more intensely than in Dublin with its older manufacturing plants, employment in its traditional industries declining by 45 per cent between 1971 and 1981. At a time when Dublin’s population was increasing significantly, employment in the services sector also faltered. Unemployment in Dublin more than doubled from 36,500 in 1981 to 82,000 by 1987. Simultaneous declines in industrial, office and residential development resulted in unemployment in the construction sector, rising to over 45 per cent by mid decade.

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