Newnes Guide to Television and Video Technology by K. F. Ibrahim

By K. F. Ibrahim

This ebook presents a whole and entire assurance of video and tv know-how together with the newest advancements in exhibit gear, HDTV and DVD. beginning with television basics, the majority of the booklet covers the numerous new applied sciences which are bringing progress to the television and video marketplace, comparable to plasma and liquid crystal display, DLP (digital gentle processing), DVD, Blu ray expertise, electronic tv, excessive Definition tv (HDTV) and video projection systems.For every one know-how, a whole clarification is equipped of its operation and useful program, supported by means of over three hundred diagrams together with schematic diagrams of commercially on hand client apparatus. the place proper, trying out and fault discovering systems are defined including general fault indicators supported by way of photographs.The new version has a couple of worthy appendices on microcomputer/microcontroller platforms, attempt tools, serial buses (I2C and RS 232), teletext and blunder correction techniques.The publication is meant for college kids of electronics and working towards engineers. particularly, it's going to important for college students on vocational classes and repair engineers in addition to enthusiasts.*The definitive consultant to the hot applied sciences remodeling the area of tv: HDTV, electronic television, DVD recorders, hard drive recorders, wide-screen CRT, flat reveal technologies...*A useful technique, together with troubleshooting and servicing information*Covers united kingdom, ecu and North American platforms

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Extra info for Newnes Guide to Television and Video Technology

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7 4:2:0 sampling The bit rate Sampling is followed by quantisation where sample values are rounded up or down to quantum values before they are converted into a multi-bit code. The precise number of quantums or levels is determined by the bit depth, the number of bits in the code. For studio applications, 10-bit coding is used. For domestic applications such as TV broadcasting and DVD, 8-bit coding is regarded as adequate. Given a bit depth of 8, the number of discrete signal levels or quantums available is 28 ϭ 256.

Temporal compression Temporal compression, or inter-frame compression, is carried out on successive frames. It exploits the fact that the difference between two successive frames is very slight. Thus, it is not necessary to transmit the full contents of every picture frame since most of it is merely a repetition of the previous frame. Only the difference needs to be sent out. Two components are used to describe the difference between one frame and the preceding frame: motion vector and difference frame.

For this reason, difference signals (R Ϫ Y) and (B Ϫ Y) are selected. The missing (G Ϫ Y) is recovered at the receiving end from the three transmitted components as follows: R ϭ (R Ϫ Y) ϩ Y B ϭ (B Ϫ Y) ϩ Y and since Y ϭ R ϩ G ϩ B, G ϭ YϪR ϪB The remaining issue that has to be resolved is the manner in which this additional information, R Ϫ Y and B Ϫ Y, is added to the monochrome signal without causing it any interference. 58 MHz for National Television System Committee (NTSC)] is introduced which is then modulated by the two-chrominance components using quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM).

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