By M. de Langen, R. Tembele
This research bargains guidance for pedestrian and bicycle site visitors in African towns. The textual content is predicated at the mix of stories and attempt findings acquired in pilot tasks conducted in Nairobi, Dar es Salaam, Eldoret and Morogoro among 1995 and 2000.
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First released in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.
After an outline of the recent different types of globalization at present shaping our international, and in their attainable spatial results, the booklet highlights which eu areas have long ago succeeded in making the most of globalization developments and identifies the foremost purposes for his or her luck. The booklet additionally bargains a potential research using situations in response to diversified assumptions of ways globalization developments will boost, deciding upon the local winners and losers for every state of affairs.
Angesichts der geänderten Wachstumsbedingungen in vielen Industriestaaten und ausgeprägter Strukturkrisen in alt-industrialisierten Regionen zeigten Wissenschaft, Wirtschaft und Politik seit Mitte der 70er Jahre ein steigendes Interesse an Schlüsseltechnologie-Industrien. guy hoffte, daß humankapital-intensive, technologisch sophistizierte Schlüsseltechnologie-Industrien in der Lage seien, Arbeitsplatzverluste in traditionellen Industriesektoren auszugleichen, neue Entwicklungsimpulse für die Gesamtwirtschaft auszulösen und auf lange Sicht die Beschäftigtensituation und das Wirtschaftswachstum auch auf regionaler Ebene zu stabilisieren.
It used to be part of the knowledge of mainstream economics that during the early phases of improvement inequality might upward thrust yet, as progress persevered, it will, finally, decline. Early facts looked as if it would recommend that this trend will be borne out. yet, as time handed and development persevered, inequality endured to develop, casting doubt at the got knowledge.
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Extra info for Productive & Liveable Cities
E ~ j ~ a~~(protection~of - or restoring ~ - attractive ~ environmental ~ and ~ living conditions in cities). In many cities motor vehicle traffic is the single most important cause of environmentd degradation. The most fundamental option to reduce the negative effects of transport on the urban environi~en~ is to ensure that a ~naxinium number of trips is on foot or by bicycle, which both have no negative environmental impact. Existing “clean air” initiatives deal with the reduction of vehicle exhausts.
The test findings show that such damage is far from theoretical. The amount of damage created on test sections by vehicles hitting obstacles such as high kerbs, bollards, T-blocks etc. was significant, and apparently more costly to the vehicle than to the concrete. The accidents almost disappeared, however, including the expensive vehicle-to-vehicle collisions. Moreover, the amount o f damage caused by vehicles hitting obstacles appears to have a downward trend. There is a learning curve, and the damage is a transitional penalty (learning the hard way), rather than a permanent cost factor.
In Eldoret, the UP process at first developed positively, but a long delay in iInpiementation of a significant volume of works that were promised under a national government urban road infrastructure project resulted in a near standstill. Unless there is a clear sign that user priorities will be recognized, and unless something significant is in fact done, the UP process will remain weak, and unable to spark a positive development. The Eldoret example illustrates how a lack of seriousness and speed on the side of the government frustrates the UP process.