Whitewashing race: the myth of a color-blind society by Michael K. Brown, Martin Carnoy, Elliott Currie, Troy

By Michael K. Brown, Martin Carnoy, Elliott Currie, Troy Duster, David B. Oppenheimer, Marjorie M. Schultz, David Wellman

White american citizens, abetted via neo-conservative writers of all colorations, as a rule think that racial discrimination is a specific thing of the previous and that any racial inequalities that undeniably persist--in wages, family members source of revenue, entry to housing or healthiness care--can be attributed to African americans' cultural and person disasters. If the event of such a lot black americans says another way, a proof has been sorely lacking--or obscured by way of the passions the difficulty provokes. in the end supplying a funky, transparent, and knowledgeable viewpoint at the topic, this e-book brings jointly a group of hugely revered sociologists, political scientists, economists, criminologists, and criminal students to scrutinize the common sense and proof in the back of the commonly held trust in a color-blind society--and to supply an alternate cause of persevered racial inequality within the usa. whereas now not denying the industrial advances of black american citizens because the Sixties, Whitewashing Race attracts on new and compelling examine to illustrate the endurance of racism and the results of equipped racial virtue throughout many associations in American society--including the hard work marketplace, the welfare country, the felony justice procedure, and faculties and universities. taking a look past the stalled debate over present antidiscrimination rules, the authors additionally positioned forth a clean imaginative and prescient for reaching real racial equality of chance in a post-affirmative motion international.

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It is an instance of what Charles Tilly calls opportunity hoarding. This occurs when members of a group acquire and monopolize access to valuable resources or privileges. Most people know that informal networks of family, extended 18 INTRODUCTION kinship, friendships, and associates are the typical routes to employment. 47 Because workers tend to be friends and acquaintances of members of the same race and sex, a bias toward re-creating a homogeneous workforce is overwhelming. Discrimination, therefore, can be passive and unobtrusive.

But it does not apply this standard of intent in age discrimination cases where the relevant statutory language is identical to that in Title VII. 22 In other settings that address harms caused by others, such as personal injury law, courts assess liability and compensate victims not simply for intentional harms but also for injuries caused accidentally, that is, negligently. 23 Choosing to make the specific intentions of identifiable individuals the criterion of racism is neither neutral nor appropriate.

They never discuss the ways in which these institutions might be transformed to accommodate or better engage the groups they formerly excluded. Any analysis of racial inequality that routinely neglects organizations and practices that, intentionally or unintentionally, generate or maintain racial inequalities over long periods of time is incomplete and misleading. Such an analysis will be unable, for example, to detect the ways in which real estate and mortgage lending industries routinely sustain segregated housing markets and discriminate against would-be black homeowners.

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